Person-Centred Therapy: Devised by Carl Rogers and also called "Client-Centred" or "Rogerian" counselling, this is based on the assumption that you are seeking help in the resolution of a problem you are experiencing, can enter into a relationship with a counsellor who is sufficiently accepting and permissive to allow you to freely express any emotions and feelings. This will enable you to come to terms with negative feelings, which may have caused emotional problems, and develop inner resources. The objective is for you to become able to see yourself as a person, with the power and freedom to change, rather than as an object.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT): is a talking therapy that can help you manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave. It's most commonly used to treat anxiety and depression, but can be useful for other mental and physical health problems.
Psychodynamic Psychotherapy/Counselling: This approach stresses the importance of the unconscious and past experience in shaping current behaviour. You are encouraged to talk about childhood relationships with parents and other significant people and the therapist focuses on the client/therapist relationship (the dynamics) and in particular on the transference. Transference is when you project onto the therapist feelings experienced in previous significant relationships. The Psychodynamic approach is derived from Psychoanalysis but usually provides a quicker solution to emotional problems.
Relationship Therapy: Relationship counselling enables the parties in a relationship to recognise repeating patterns of distress and to understand and manage troublesome differences that you are experiencing. The relationship involved may be between, for example, members of a family (see also Family Therapy) or a couple, or work colleagues.
The Human Givens approach: is focused on the present and looks at practical solutions to emotional distress. Through discussion and various techniques used by the therapist, the therapy aims to establish which need(s) are not being met, why they are not being met and how this can be changed.
Gestalt Therapy: The name is derived from the German for "organized whole". Developed by Fritz Perls, it focuses on the whole of your experience, including feelings, thoughts and actions. You gain self-awareness in the 'here and now' by analysing behaviour and body language and talking about bottled up feelings. This approach often includes acting out scenarios and dream recall.
Integrative therapy: or integrative counselling: is a combined approach to counselling/psychotherapy that brings together different elements of specific therapies. Integrative therapists take the view that there is no single approach that can treat each client in all situations.